May 27, 2018
In our recent paper, we study algorithms for solving quadratic systems of equations based on optimization methods over polytopes. Our work is inspired by a recently proposed convex formulation of the phase retrieval problem, which estimates the unknown signal by solving a simple linear program over a polytope constructed from the measurements. We present a sharp characterization of the high-dimensional geometry of the aforementioned polytope under Gaussian measurements. This characterization allows us to derive asymptotically exact performance guarantees for PhaseMax, which also reveal a phase transition phenomenon with respect to its sample complexity. Moreover, the geometric insights gained from our analysis lead to a new nonconvex formulation of the phase retrieval problem and an accompanying iterative algorithm, which we call PhaseLamp. We show that this new algorithm has superior recovery performance over the original PhaseMax method.